Document Type


Publication Date


Subject: LCSH

Fire prevention--Research, Structural stability


Civil Engineering


The use of inexpensive electrochemical impedance spectroscopy based sensor technology for nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of bond degradation between external carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) reinforcement and concrete is examined. Copper tape on the surface of the CFRP sheet, stainless steel wire embedded in the concrete, and reinforcing bars were used as the sensing elements. Laboratory experiments were designed to test the capability of the sensors to detect the debonding of the CFRP from the concrete and to study the effect of short-term (humidity and temperature fluctuations) and long-term (freeze-thaw and wet-dry exposure and rebar corrosion) environmental conditions on the measurements. The CFRP sheet was debonded from the concrete, and impedance measurements were taken between various pairs of electrodes at various interfacial crack lengths. The dependence of the impedance spectra, and of the parameters obtained from equivalent circuit analysis, on the interfacial crack length was studied. Capacitance parameters in the equivalent circuit correlated strongly with the interfacial crack length and can be used to assess the global state of the bond between CFRP sheets and concrete. Impedance measurements taken between embedded wire sensors can be used to detect the location of debonded regions.


This is the authors' accepted version of the article published in Journal of Composites for Construction. The version of record can be found in the ASCE library at



Publisher Citation

Hong, S., and Harichandran, R. S. (2005). “Sensors to monitor CFRP/concrete bond in beams using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy.” Journal of Composites for Construction, ASCE, 9(6), 515-523. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0268(2005)9:6(515)