An Analysis of the Impact of the Economic Espionage Act of 1996 (EEA) on Technology Deployment Partnerships Between Businesses and Colleges and Universities within the United States

Date of Submission


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Science in Management Systems (Sc.D.)




Kamal P. Upadhyaya

Committee Member

Ronald Dick

Committee Member

Zeljan Suster

LC Subject Headings

Business intelligence--United States, Industry and education--United States, Science and industry--United States

Call No. at the Univ. of New Haven Library

AS 36 .N290 Mgmt. Syst. 2001 no. 3


Historically, espionage was manifested in a military identity. Numerous examples of espionage are woven throughout the jaded tapestry of military history. During World War II, America and Allied powers heavily deployed networks of spies and undercover agents throughout the world for the purpose of stealing information that would ultimately be used for strategic advantage. During the Cold War, many nations formed and deployed large intelligence systems designed to steal strategies, secrets, and technologies from adversaries.

Technology and innovation provides economic power and is key to a successful government and prosperous economy (Salidvar 2000).

It is essential that corporations within the United States protect their intellectual property and technologies. The survival and competitiveness of these firms depends on the discoveries and applications of their core technologies to successfully compete in today’s global marketplace (Simon 1998).

The purposes of this dissertation are to:

1. Analyze the effect of the Economic Espionage Act of 1996 concerning technology partnerships between universities and corporations in the United States.

2. Assess the effect of the Economic Espionage Act of 1996 regarding the safeguarding of intellectual property in contractual partnership agreements between universities and corporations in the United States.

The economic success of an organization is dependent upon owning intellectual property that allows companies to develop very favorable partnerships and licensing relationships that can further increase the research and development capabilities for the organization (Rivette and Kline 2000).

The econometric model that was developed in this study resulted in the finding that the Economic Espionage Act, which was enacted on October 11,1996, has made the marketplace safer and more secure for the development of partnerships between universities and organizations for furthering technological research and scientific discoveries.

As a result of the effect of a more secure environment for intellectual property development, due to the passage of the Economic Espionage Act, there was more of a willingness on the part of both universities and business organizations to form partnerships for the advancement of research and discovery.