Red-flagging the Leagues: The U.S. Sports Most in Danger from Match-Fixing

Document Type


Publication Date


Subject: LCSH

Sports betting, Gambling and crime, Corruption, Organized crime--Prevention


On May 14, 2018, the U.S. Supreme Court effectively allowed single-game sports wagering in America. The current U.S. sports gambling market is estimated at somewhere between $67 billion and $400 billion—and with legalization is expected to grow larger. The social, economic, and sports changes already have begun: thirteen states have legalized sports gambling; there is a sports stadium named after a bookmaker; and a television channel dedicated to 24/7 of coverage of the sports gambling market has been launched. However, few analysts have tried to estimate which American sports are most at risk from the gambling related match-fixing that has plagued many international sports leagues. Using a wide-range of interviews with gambling and match-fixing insiders, this paper proposes an indicator to predict the vulnerability of a sports league to match-fixing, along with seven specific factors that lead to corruption.


This article was originally published in the journal, "Sport in Society," volume 23, issue 11, 2020.



Publisher Citation

Declan Hill, Chris Rasmussen, Michele Vittorio & David Myers (2020) Red-flagging the leagues: the U.S. Sports most in danger from match-fixing, Sport in Society, 23:11, 1774-1792, DOI: 10.1080/17430437.2020.1804114