Document Type

Article

Publication Date

5-2015

Subject: LCSH

Polymers, Materials--Thermal properties

Disciplines

Emergency and Disaster Management

Abstract

Controlled atmosphere, radiation-driven gasification experiments were conducted on a series of synthetic polymers including poly(acrylonitrile butadiene styrene), poly(ethylene terephthalate), poly(methyl methacrylate)-poly(vinyl chloride) alloy (Kydex) and polyetherimide. Mass loss rate and non-radiated surface temperature of coupon-sized material samples were measured simultaneously and recorded as a function of time. These temperature data were combined with the results of broadband radiation absorption measurements and previously conducted thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) to characterize the transport of thermal energy inside the gasifying materials through inverse modeling. Subsequently, complete pyrolysis models, based on the kinetics and thermodynamics of the thermal decomposition derived from the TGA and DSC experiments, were formulated and employed to predict the mass loss rate histories obtained at 30–90 kW m−2 of external radiant heat flux simulating fire exposure. Satisfactory predictions were obtained for all materials with the exception of polyetherimide, which highly intumescent behavior introduced large uncertainties in the gasification conditions.

Comments

This is the author's accepted version of the article published in Polymer Degradation and Stability. The final version can be accessed via http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2015.03.003

DOI

10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2015.03.003

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Publisher Citation

Li, J., J. Gong and S. I. Stoliarov (2015). "Development of pyrolysis models for charring polymers." Polymer Degradation and Stability, Volume 115, May 2015, Pages 138-152.

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