Date of Submission
Kendell L. Coker, Ph.D., J.D.
Juvenile Gang Involvement, Head Injury, Bully Victimization, Depression
Gang members, Gangs, Juvenile delinquents, Head--Wounds and injuries, Depression, Mental
Gang involved youth are responsible for the majority of violent juvenile crime throughout the United States. A better understanding of the risk factors that draw youth towards gangs would be beneficial to the field. The study seeks to understand the predictors of juvenile gang involvement and self-reported juvenile offending using the Pathways to Desistance, a longitudinal study of adjudicated juvenile offenders. The study operationalizes gang involvement as self-reported gang involvement before the age of 18. This study examines whether head injury, bully victimization, and depression are predictors of gang involvement among adolescents and the impact of self-esteem and race/ethnicity in this relationship. The results reveal a significant positive relationship between bully victimization and gang involvement for minorities. Head injury and depression were not significant predictors of gang involvement and self-esteem did not have significant impact on self-reported offending. The implications of these findings to address youth gang involvement are discussed.
Barulli, Nicole, "Head Injury, Bully Victimization, and Depression as Predictors of Juvenile Gang Involvement" (2020). Honors Theses. 36.