Date of Submission


Document Type



Mechanical and Industrial Engineering


Maria-Isabel Carnasciali, Ph.D.


Thermal Batteries, Renewable Energy, Energy-efficient, EV


Thermal batteries, Renewable energy sources, Electric vehicles


Today there is a larger focus than ever on the environment and renewable energy. It is important to reduce emissions and move into more energy-efficient and environmentally friendly options. Right now, there are technological limitations that come with renewable energy sources that must be overcome in order for them to be a reliable main source of energy. Research is constantly being done to overcome these restrictions and new technologies are being developed. One such way is through thermal batteries.

This project aimed to look at types of thermal batteries and the current uses and research that was being done on them. Thermal batteries have a significant potential to work in systems to make them more energy-efficient and productive. A focus was on their impact on renewable energy and energy efficiency, specifically how they would fit into this sector and if they would be a feasible option. Another main topic was the potential to use thermal batteries in electric vehicles (EV) to provide heating and cooling. Simulations were run for a prototype thermal battery used to cool the cabin of an electric vehicle. A comparison was made between different phase change materials to determine the ideal material for the system and the effect that changing this material had on the battery's effectiveness. The results showed that the organic PCM-OM05P would provide the best charging and discharging performance for this battery. The concept of thermal storage is not new; however, different applications of thermal batteries are currently being innovated and can have large impacts in the future.

Available for download on Friday, May 07, 2027