This study examined the utility of the healthyworkorganization concept in identifying human resource management practices that simultaneously correlate with micro-level measures of organizational outcomes (organizational effectiveness) and micro-level measures of employee well-being (that is, measures of both employee job stress and job satisfaction). In addition, this study provided support for using the healthy work organization concept in human resource management benchmarking. More specifically, evidence has been presented that a traditional micro-level criterion measure can be augmented by micro-level measures of employee well-being. Accordingly, the HRM practices that were investigated hold promise for enhancing employee job satisfaction and for preventing work-related stress while simultaneously promoting organizational effectiveness.