The forces and trends described in the first part of this paper make it likely that contingent workers will remain a significant component of the workforce. It is also likely that there will be significant changes in the contingent workforce and its deployment. The use of independent contractors will be greatly affected by the Microsoft decision and by litigation against otheremployersof independent contractors. The sue of contractors may be curtailed and the ways in which they are employed will be modified. The trends described in this paper present important challenges to the contingent workforce and point to probable new directions it will take. While it is impossible to predict the actual changes that will occur, what is certain is that the contingent workforce of the future and employer use of contingents will be different from what they are today.